Challenging Destiny – The Story of Suresh Meghwal

by Prakash Gupta

“I tell my story not because it is unique, but because it is not”.

-Malala Yousufzai

Suresh who lives in the village called Majam of Gogunda block is different from other children of his age. He has been paralyzed since birth. Suresh is unable to walk properly as he drags his feet while walking. Despite this, he still walks alone to school daily; such is the passion for learning in this child.  Though he is differently – abled, he does not let his disability come in the way of his doing what he wants to do. He loves to write, even though he does so with much difficulty, as his hands have a tremor while writing. However, unlike other differently-abled children, Suresh’s story is inspiring and surprising. While interviewing the head of the upper primary school, Madam Seema we came to know about Suresh.

Suresh n Mom

Suresh with his mother

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We went to his place to know more about him. Suresh belongs to the Meghwal community whose traditional work is to skin dead animals to make footwear. Many of the Meghwals still practice the traditional occupation. Suresh is the only child in his family.  His father owns a small patch of land where he does cultivation and rears goats. The tiny plot of land (around 0.3 hectare) enables him to grow food enough to feed his family from one of the two cropping seasons. Due to lack of water, his family does not grow Rabi crops. During that part of the season, his father works as a labourer in the city. His mother runs a small grocery shop and they live along with his grandmother in a kutcha house built under the Chief Minister’s housing scheme.

Several people criticize the ‘No Detention Policy’ of the RTE act on several grounds. But Suresh’s case makes us ponder over the merits of the policy. Suresh is currently studying in class IV, but he is unable to read and write to pass any kind of exam whatsoever (be it written or oral). It is because of the ‘No Detention Policy’ that he has been able to study till now.

“If I fail him, I am sure he will leave the school immediately. He does not want his disability to be a reason not to study. Though he cannot hold a chalk or a pen properly, yet he will continue to put all his efforts till he writes it”, said Seema.  ” I wish RTE had some special provisions for disabled students like Suresh”, she added.

His mother wants him to study but she is afraid that poverty and the disability of her son might stop his education. “It is the motivation of Madam Seema that makes me to send him to school”, his mother said.

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Walking Against the Wind – Story of Valuram Gameti

by Prakash Gupta

Fearlessly, in search of wisdom and knowledge he travels almost 12 kms daily to go to school. Ignoring the thistles, pebbles and thorny bushes laden here and there he goes to school every day. Valuram is studying in class 10.  He is one of the brave ones who chose to study unlike other children of his age in the community.  Yes, studying indeed is a challenge for the people living in his community, simply because school is far away from his home. The 6 kms distance is not a straight road but rather, includes climbing a hill and walking on a road full of thistles and pebbles.

Valuram’s commitment to study can be seen from the fact that he scored the highest marks during class VIII and the state government has given him a laptop as a gift for the achievement. Unfortunately, he could not use the laptop because his village has no electricity. This is a fact for a number of students like Valuram, who, for this reason have sold their laptops to other people in the city for a small amount. But Valuram didn’t sell his laptop. His mother told us that though they were willing to sell the laptop the teacher of the school wouldn’t let them do so.

Valuram

The path from Valuram’s house to his school

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To know the scenario of the place better, we went along with him. It took nearly an hour and a half to reach the place where he resides – Sanghon ka Vera, a tribal hamlet which falls under Gogunda block of Udaipur district.  Sanghon ka Vera is in a valley with nearly 40 families. Till date, there is no electricity and water supply in that region.

Valuram belongs to the Bhil tribe. The Bhil tribe has very low literacy rate. In fact, Valuram’s mother never went to school and his father gave up studies after finishing class V. He has 4 siblings – 2 brothers and 2 sisters. His parents are sending all of them to school. Being the eldest son of his family, he is struggling hard to achieve what none in his hamlet has ever achieved yet.

His father is a tailor in the city. He travels 50Kms daily to the city to earn some money which is just sufficient to feed his family. But his parents wish to make all 5 of their children (including the girls) to study to the level that they wish to study. His mother said, “His father won’t let poverty break the momentum of his child”.

Almost all the people accept the situation as it is. The major source of livelihood is either meager work in nearby village shops or subsistence agriculture. Even in agriculture, the major chunk of the population is dependent solely on kharif crops, as the rabi crops need abundance of irrigation. The secondary occupation is livestock rearing. They have animals like goats, camels, etc. which they sell only in adverse situations to get immediate monetary assistance. Further, ‘Sanghon ka vera’ is totally cut off from government initiated welfare plans and policies.

Poverty sometimes acts as a monster which takes its toll and the worst sufferer and the softest target is always a child’s future. While we can’t generalize, it does appear as if this boy has something outstanding in him – the natural gift of perseverance, patience and extraordinary confidence. He talks less and listens more. His silence, however, brings to mind the truth in Binoy Acharya’s words “sometimes, we need to learn from people’s silence”. Though the path Valuram has chosen might seem humble to create even a ripple in the vast sea of the outside world, he is confidently preparing himself to fly high and break the shackles of all difficulties.

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शिक्षा का उद्देश्य?

Read this article by SBI #YouthforIndia fellow Varun Sharma, who wrote this after visiting Sohaba, which is an extremely interior village at Odisha.


वर्तमान परिवेश में शिक्षा के इंस्ट्रुमेंटल उद्देश्य को नाकारा नहीं जा सकता, इसमें मेरे नज़रिए में कोई दो राय नहीं है. परन्तु अगर हमारी शिक्षा प्रणाली केवल इंस्ट्रुमेंटल उद्देश्य को ही पूर्ण रूपेण प्रोत्साहित करना शुरू कर दे तो यहाँ मुझे अहम् समस्या नज़र आती है. अगर हम शोषित वर्ग की बात करें, चाहे वो आदिवासी हों, दलित हों या मुसलमान हों, आर्थिक गरीबी गहराई तक पैर पसारे है, पर खासतौर पर ग्रामीण तबकों में सांस्कृतिक और चारित्रिक गरीबी अभी भी कम से कमतर है. इन्ही वर्गों में अगर सामाजिक सर्वे करें की इन वर्गों के “शिक्षित” मनुष्य जो शिक्षा के इंस्ट्रुमेंटल उद्देश्य को पा कर आर्थिक गरीबी के चक्रव्यूह से निकल सके उनका समाज में क्या हस्तक्षेप है, तो हम पायेंगे वो अपने समाज और वर्ग से उतनी ही दूरी बना चुके होते हैं जैसे कोई ब्राह्मण अछूत से दूरी बनाता था और काफी हद तक आज भी बनाता है. साथ ही अनजाने में, वर्तमान शिक्षा प्रणाली के बनाये हुए आर्थिक रूप से “सशक्त” ये बन्धु अन्यों को भी इसी रास्ते पर चलने को प्रोत्साहित कर रहे होते हैं, उस रास्ते पर जो हमारी वर्तमान शिक्षा प्रणाली ही दिखा रही है, वो तो सिर्फ वाहक हैं. इसके विपरीत कहा जा सकता है, “ये स्वयं की मर्ज़ी का भी तो सवाल है, की कौन क्या करना चाहता है.” पर अगर एक गाँव की बात करें, तो एक रहवासी तो नज़र आये जो वर्तमान शिक्षा प्रणाली से निकल कर तूफ़ान के विरुद्ध मुख कर के खड़ा हो.

दाल-चावल तो आदिवासी स्वयं उगा कर खा ही रहे हैं, इतना आत्मबल उनमें है, समस्या है की हमारे-तुम्हारे जैसे सिस्टम में बैठे और सिस्टम के थोड़े-बहुत जानकार “शिक्षित” लोग वो भी उनसे छीनने में लगे हुए हैं, कभी वैश्वीकरण के नाम पर, तो कभी उनके अपने “विकास” के नाम पर. एक बहुत जीवन्त उदहारण है हरित क्रांति के बाद हमारे क्षेत्रीय बीजों का पूर्ण रूप से लोप, अभी कुछ समय पहले एक रिटायर्ड कृषि अधिकारी से बातचीत हुई थी, उन्होंने कहा की, “अब तो हम रासायनिक उर्वरक और हाइब्रिड बीज के खिलाफ अलख जगा रहे हैं, अच्छा हुआ हम इन आदिवासी क्षेत्रों में उस समय नहीं पहुंचे वरना यहाँ भी यही हाल हो गया होता जो आज पंजाब का हो रहा है.” आदिवासी वर्ग में ही जो “शिक्षित” हो गए हैं वो शोषण के खिलाफ़ लड़ने के बजाय, शोषक के साथ ही जा कर खड़े हो गये, क्योंकि वर्तमान शिक्षा प्रणाली विभिन्न माध्यमों के द्वारा चीख-चीख कर कह रही है, वो माध्यम कभी वैश्वीकरण, कभी माता-पिता, कभी शिक्षक और कभी पुस्तकें ही- की भैया सबसे बड़ा रुपैया- शिक्षा का इंस्ट्रुमेंटल उद्देष्य अकेला रह कर उपरोक्त रूप ले चुका है और शोषक वर्ग के पास पैसा बहुतायत में है ही, चाहे वो टाटा, बिड़ला, अम्बानी कोई भी हो और हमारी “लोकतान्त्रिक” आज्ञाकारी सरकारें. उफ्फ्फ!

सामाजिक ढाँचे में परिवर्तन लाकर समस्या का जो हल ढूँढने का प्रयास किया जा रहा है, मेरे नज़रिये से वो हल कभी मिलेगा ही नहीं, जैसे कुत्ता भूख लगने पर खुद की ही पूँछ को खाने को दौड़ रहा हो, पर गोल गोल घूमता रह गया बस. मेरा कहने का तात्पर्य है की अकेले ऐसा करने पर समस्या की जड़ हम गलत जगह ढूंढ रहे होंगे, हालांकि ये जगह जड़ के काफी करीब है और मत्वपूर्ण भी. मैं शिक्षा-प्रणाली को, कम से कम इस दौर में, जब मानकीकृत शिक्षा प्रणाली की पहुँच बहुत बढ़ गयी है और सब तरफ साक्षरता के नारे लग रहे हैं, सामाजिक परिवर्तन लाने के बहुत तेज़-तर्रार माध्यम के रूप में देखता हूँ, और यही तो इसके माध्यम से अभी किया भी जा रहा है- हमें हमारे अधिकारों के लिए लड़ने की सोच से दूर करके, भरण-पोषण तक सीमित करके. इस मानसिकता में ही खोट है की पहले आर्थिक रूप से मजबूत बनो फिर अधिकारों की सोचो, आर्थिक प्रणाली में रहने पर जब तक आपके मूल अधिकार सुरक्षित नहीं है, तो ये वक्तव्य हमें पिंजरे में बन्द गोल-गोल घूमने वाले तोते सा बनाने का प्रयास नज़र आता है. उदहारण चाहिये, तो काशीपुर-उड़ीसा में आदिवासियों के विरोध की सच्चाई उठा कर पढो, मेरा मतलब और सहज तरीके से समझ पाओगे. परिवर्तन की लहर दोनों ओर चाहिये-शिक्षा प्रणाली और सामाजिक ढांचे में. अकेले सामाजिक ढाँचे में, या अकेले शिक्षा प्रणाली में परिवर्तन के प्रयास निरर्थक होंगे, क्योंकि समानान्तर हमारे विद्यालयों में या हमारे सामाजिक ढांचों में जड़ मनुष्य तैयार होते रहेंगे. रही भाषा की बात, तो संस्कृति और भाषा को बांधा नहीं जा सकता पर विज्ञान के दौर में जब ये एकदम स्पष्ट है की बच्चा मातृभाषा में जल्दी और अच्छे से सीखता और सोचता है, को आगे बढ़ने ही नहीं दिया जा रहा है. हर भाषा को आर्थिक कारणों से जोड़ना सम्भव नहीं है पर, हर भाषा को मानकीकृत या गैर-मानकीकृत रूप से कक्षा में जगह देना पूर्णरूपेण सम्भव है, बस प्रयास राजनीतिक और बहुसंख्यक वर्ग के कारण जो की शिक्षा का सिर्फ इंस्ट्रुमेंटल रूप ही चाहते हैं, जो की उनके पक्ष में भी है, के कारण आगे नहीं बढ़ पा रहा है.

जैसे हम आज छात्र-केन्द्रित शिक्षण पर ध्यान दे रहे हैं वैसे ही शिक्षा-प्रणाली को- अधिकार केन्द्रित, तर्क केन्द्रित, क्षेत्र केन्द्रित और इंस्ट्रुमेंटल उद्देश्य केन्द्रित बनाने के प्रयास किये जाने चाहिये. ये मैं कोई नई बात नहीं कह रहा हूँ, NCF-2005 चीख-चीख कर यही बातें कह रहा है, पर हम संस्कृत को “तीसरी भाषा” और गीता को “राष्ट्रिय कृति” बनाने के प्रयसों में उलझे हुए हैं. इन सबसे ऊपर उठना होगा, वर्ना तैयार रहो अन्धे समाज में अल्प दृष्टि वाले बनने के लिए.

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Breaking ice!

Sonali, SBI #YouthforIndia fellow, shows how language and culture need not be a barrier when it comes to talking with children at Kaprada, Gujarat.


“One song, two circles and we are all set to the break the ICE

No language barrier, no cultural difference can freeze us anymore.”

 After lunch, all of us at the school were feeling drowsy, and the students were to attend the next class, with Sailesh sir. Luckily, it got rescheduled with me and I got the opportunity for my first set of ‘Ice Breaking’ activities.

Sonali post 1 edited pic

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I had purposely scheduled it for the last session of the day because I was a little worried as the children were from grade one and two and hardly spoke Gujarati and Marathi. Everyone here speaks their native tribal language. My fears increased because I was already struggling with my poor Hindi speaking skills and to top it off with worse Gujarati and Marathi language skills.

Fortunately, this apprehension didn’t last for more than a minute after we met. Soon afterwards, we all held each other’s hands, sang and laughed together and with this broke all the differences that remained amongst us.

Most importantly, we all learnt that no barrier exists in understanding each other’s cultures and the best way to do it is, of course through, music, dance or a play!

Below is a small video, shot by me, where the children are singing a traditional song.

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Negligent healthcare for rural Indian children?

A short note on Komal Ramdey’s experience of being a part of health care camp at Goondiya, Gujarat.


Of all the forms of injustice, inequality in healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane. These words of Martin Luther King kept echoing through my mind along with the phrase that all of us are taught at school, that India does not live in its towns, but in its villages. What we weren’t taught however, was that much of India does not live happily and healthily.

Komal Post 1

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Goondiya is a village in Walia Taluka of Bharuch district in Gujarat. It is 70 kilometres away from the city of Ankleshwar. A closer look at the stunningly beautiful images of  Jowar(Sorghum) fields rippling in the wind and children playing games in the village campus, will reveal that a quarter of those people working in the fields are chronically starved and half of those children playing are permanently stunted through malnutrition.

The Primary Health Centre (PHC) at Goondiya organised a health care camp and I was fortunate to volunteer in it. This health camp was aimed at promoting health awareness among school children regarding common ailments, nutrition, hygiene and sanitation. Around 400 school children participated in this.

Firstly, an ASHA (Accredited social health activist) worker started the check up process by taking height and weight measurements of these children. Later the PHC nurse carried out the general check up and provided medicines to those suffering from fever, cold and sickle cell deficiency. She also told the children about oral hygiene. After the complete diagnosis, it was found that most of the school-going children were suffering from malnutrition and common problem of stomach ache. Also, children here suffer constantly from cough and cold allergies. Improper food habits, prevalent amongst most of them, have led to the deficiency of iron. The burden of disease and its effects were disproportionately seen in the school-going kids, with a clear gradient in illness.

This camp taught me that there is a massive level of lack of nutrition and a vast unmet need for curative health care among the school-going children. Further, the neglect of their health has aggravated the miseries of rural people!

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With a pinch of salt!

Vedaranyam, Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of salt in India. It employs around twenty thousand people, who work under extreme conditions sometimes even without using toilets and avoiding to drink water for a whole day.
Sonam, SBI Youth for India fellow, writes here about the conditions of the salt workers of Vedaranyam.


While the acres of saltpans that stretch out in Vedaranyam are best known for its second largest production of salt in the nation, it has been witness to the torments of laborers toiling hard under the scorching sun to produce salt which reaches our table daily.

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“I was 14 when I started working in the saltpans”, says 56 year old Shantana. “There is no work during monsoons; we have severe bleeding during menstruation; many of us have faced miscarriages. Skin, eye, bone disorders are common for us. I’ve seen women working till 8-9 months of their pregnancy and some of them work till the age of 70”.

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Shantana, Saltpan worker

Due to monsoons during September to December, the salt pan workers have no work or income. They survive during these festive days by taking loans from their saltpan owners, which is deducted from their daily wages when they resume their work. This creates almost a “bonded labor” scenario.

Saltpan work: The ground is cleared of dust and segmented into pans with small wells dug along side. The pans are filled with water from these wells and trampled upon until the bottom layer becomes firm. The briny water is then transferred from one pan to another through narrow channels. The surface is frequently scraped with heavy wooden rakes to even out the salt which is gradually captured and dried by heat, transforming the pans into hard fields of coarse salt. The crystals are broken by trampling and raked into heaps.

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Women in particular are involved in land preparation, collection of salt which makes them to stand in highly concentrated brine under the ruthless sun with micron level salt crystals in the air for a long time. Anemia, cataract, irreversible skin problems, UTI, URT and LRT disorders, TB, hypertension, disfigured bones, arthritis, gynecological disorders amongst women are more prevalent. The workers do not opt for safety gear for some financial and comfort reasons. There is a lack of toilets and resting shades to have food, in the salt pans that spread across acres of land mass. Hence workers avoid consuming food and water before they leave for work, worsening their health status.

“The saltpans are sacred to them and hence they discourage any idea related to toilets/urinals in the saltpan”, says Mr. Mariappan, traditional village president.He believes it is critical that the village members have a robust source of income from saltpan work. However, it never serves as a reliable source of income due to unavailability of work in monsoons, fluctuating wages and a deteriorating work environment.

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Mariappan, traditional village president

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Doctors suggest that the workers need to be rehydrated for them to withstand the harsh work environment. Zero-drainage urinals might help them get rid of the taboo associated with having sanitation facilities in saltpans. Dehydration being the root cause for the catastrophe of ailments, it can be combated by provision of urinals and awareness about significance of consumption of drinking water amongst the saltpan workers.

What is most disturbing is when workers address their issues as if they have accepted the wounds and pain as a part of their life. Being unaware of their language of expression, I am certain that the misery is far more intense than what I can perceive.11

A span of 11 months isn’t enough for mitigating the misery that the workers go through. Having said that, this fellowship experience so far has been an eye opener and is making me more responsible and sensitive.

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Workshop on ‘Jaarukta Prashikshan Karyakram’

Dr Suneeli Anand, SBI #YouthforIndia fellow, is working to create awareness regarding menstrual hygiene and health of women and adolescents and also is helping generate livelihood for the women SHGs at Dedtalai, Madhya Pradesh.

Read this short account of her experience in conducting a 2 day workshop, “Jaarukta Prashikshan Karyakram” with young girls and women from different villages


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I initiated my project by organising a 2 day workshop on the 15th and 16th of December. It was an awareness workshop, titled “Jaarukta Prashikshan Karyakram”, conducted on the 15th with school girls in Shekhpura Village. Next day around 55 women from different villages came to attend the workshop.

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The workshop was conducted by a trainer hired from National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and it also included a small movie on menstrual hygiene and related facts. Girls from the school and the women of the SHG were really excited to see the movie. Leaflets that included important do’s and don’ts during menstruation were distributed to them.

A SHG member, who is also a Deputy Secretary of the women federation formed over here, Geeta Jiji, shared with the women present at the workshop, her experience of severe stomach ache that had badly affected her for a long time and ultimately she underwent an operation. The reason behind her severe stomach ache was because of the usage of cloth during the menses. Some of the school girls also shared their first period experiences with the crowd.

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Need for a path

How do you think can the skilled youth of Kherwada, Rajasthan find for themselves a stable source of income?

Siddhant writes to us that they are all well trained in mobile repairing, plumbing, house wiring, tailoring, etc, but lack further information on extending their skills for income generation.


Reena Parmar is a native of Asariwada village in the Kherwada block of Udaipur District. Though she had to quit studying due to family problems at the age of thirteen, she didn’t just sit back at home doing the household chores. She joined 3 months of tailoring training course earlier this year at Aajeevika Bureau, an organization which deals with skill training of the youth.

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Reena Parmar

With the help of the organization, Reena got a sewing machine on loan with no interest. But the problem she faces nowadays is the low income, which amounts to a hundred rupees for a day whenever she has some work, and those are very few days in a month. This is nothing compared with the ability and knowledge she has of tailoring. As you may see in the picture, the dresses hanging behind is her creation!

Right now, she wants to take up bulk orders for stitching or make market linkages to start something on her own. However, owing to lack of information and reference, she is not able to start up. At a young age of 20 she has long way to go and lots to achieve, but the thing she needs is a path through which she may prove her abilities and earn some valuable money for herself and for her family.

This is not the only case in Kherwada. Many young people, after completing vocational training in the different fields as mobile phone repairing, plumbing, motor driving, house wiring, marble & tile fitting, two wheeler repairing, etc., are not able to find jobs or start a business of their own because of the lack of information and support from skill training agencies.

In my opinion the requirement for an information cell, where anyone can find information regarding job vacancies and other business options in their respective fields is a must in this area and definitely the need of the hour.

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Stop bargaining!

Gokul, SBI #YouthforIndia fellow who is at Ganjam, Odisha tells us that the farmers there who basically cultivate Mango and Cashew, sell their produce at around Rs 10 per kg, whereas the market price is above Rs 25 per kg!

A thought to chew on, Gokul writes more about it below.


Agrarian communities work hard collectively with their families to grow crops for their livelihood as well as for us, “the consumers”. Moreover their collective efforts are not paid off well or even respected. The aftermath of it, they fall short of meeting their break even most of the times. The situation is no different here in Odisha. Due to the isolation of villages and perishable nature of the produce, producers can never make it to a better place for better prices!

While we make exact payments to supermarkets and branded shops as given on their price tags, there is a common tendency amongst us to bargain with the street and small scale vendors. This way, somehow, it’s not just the middlemen, we are also part of exploiting their livelihood.  It is high time to see the world from their perspective and not to forget to think again before strangling a family somewhere isolated, to death. It is for us to remember that nobody has the right to set the price tag for somebody else’s hard work.

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Voice matters!

It definitely does for these young girls who have never before spoken out aloud in front of village elders about gender violence, child marriage and trafficking.  Simren Singh, SBI YouthforIndia fellow, writes about her experiences at a community meeting at Kherwada, Rajasthan.


Never before has any girl spoken in a community meeting. Never before have any one of them found the courage to express their opinions before elders.

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The two girls in the picture, Kalpana and Regina, are fighting odds by doing the unconventional.  At the ‘Mahila Hinsha Virodhi Pakhwada’,  they took up the challenge of presenting their views on child marriage and women trafficking and why they think it should be stopped. The people listened patiently and not just understood the severity of the situation at hand but also decided in taking collective action against the same.

The girls on the other hand were filled with joy and were surprised to witness their own hidden strengths.  It is no wonder why they say that every voice matters and it is we who must learn to value it.

In the picture above, the girls are showing their solidarity against child marriage and human trafficking.

In the picture above, the girls are showing their solidarity against child marriage and human trafficking.

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