Ray of hope 2

I have taken a long time to update on my work and I have finally put pen to paper. In the last blog, I mentioned about how after a string of failures, I found a ray of hope in Silpatti panchayat. Well, I am happy to update that the ray of hope now looks like pleasant sunshine. The project has made good progress in Silpatti. It started small.

The first classIMG-20170402-WA0000

I had three students in my first class. The next class also, I had three students. But not the same three students. After all the failures before, I was just happy that people were turning up. And it was all girls and the CRP(community resource person). I don’t want to sound sexist but I do believe the project has achieved some success because of all the girls who came to learn. More on the reason why in a while. Slowly, more people started coming and we had 12  people attend at least one class. The best attendance was 10 on the day of a quiz. Yes, on the day of the quiz! I did something right there.

The beginning

The girls varied in age from 18 to 24 and their educational qualification ranged from 10th fail to college pass outs. But one thing was common to all.  They all didn’t know how to use a computer. To give an idea, it took them a couple of classes to get familiarized with the mouse. They were all in awe of the computer. It was something fancy that they wanted to use but never really had a chance to. Even though a few had graduated from college, computer education had passed them by.  They were clear about its importance in their lives. My first question to every new student who joined was, “Why do you want to learn computers?”. The answer was some variation of, “Nowadays everything happens on a computer. We need computer to check for job vacancies, fill job application forms, avail schemes etc”. Everyone was clear about why they needed computers. So the computer classes were very specific to provide them the knowledge that would help them in their lives, not something that they didn’t want like coding, theory of computers like operating system etc. Though I did have some basic theory where necessary so that they feel some confidence in their knowledge of a computer.

The course material

The classes started from the very basics like the parts of a computer so they know what this elephant in the room is all about – the input devices, output devices, the CPU, how the parts are connected to each other. We then progressed to how to switch on a computer, how to hold a mouse and how to shut down the computer. Every student spent five minutes in the first couple of classes to get familiarized with how the mouse works – how to hold it, how far the cursor moves when the mouse is moved a certain degree, how to click.

It was followed by familiarizing with the keyboard, concepts such as desktop, how to open applications such as notepad, calculator, MS word.

We have now progressed to how to navigate to relevant websites using a search engine via learning how to use a keyboard, typing on MS word, some basic features of MS word, typing in Hindi using Google Input Tools  and file system as in how and where to save a file.

enhanced2Training module

I have referred to a lot of sources-people, books, articles for the course material but its completely designed by me, as in what to teach and what not to, keeping in mind the goal of closing the knowledge gap.

The progress

I feel good about the progress made by the students so far. No one has attended all the classes and many concepts had to be repeated multiple times, but everyone who has stayed till now feels confident about interacting with the computer. Interacting because earlier they were afraid to approach it even. And now the other day I heard a student say to the next, “ Yaad hai , hume starting main mouse chalana nahi aata tha?” (Do you remember how in the beginning we didn’t know how to use a mouse?). She said it in a way like that was a different era and hearing it made me proud of how far they have progressed.  They are getting good at using Google and looking for various government schemes and job opportunities. I hope to hear them talk about using the internet the same way they talked about using a mouse.

The way ahead

Now that they have learnt how to use a computer , the next step is that this knowledge be used to help their fellow villagers. We took the first step in that direction today. We, as in me and all the students, armed with a laptop and 4G Jio internet connection, went on a village walk and met women from a couple of SHG’s(self help groups).  I talked about the project and let the students show the women what they learnt in class – they showed them how to apply for toilet grant under Swachh Bharat Mission, how videos about relevant topics such as organic farming and mushroom cultivation can be seen on Youtube. The response was enthusiastic. The women came forward with their queries on a number of issues- PM Awaas Yojana, Ujjwala Yojana, Ration card coupons to name a few. The students were happy to help. It gave them confidence that their knowledge is valuable.

IMG_20170803_111838Meeting with an SHG

IMG_20170804_103259Meeting with another SHG

It also started a dialogue about what was happening in the village, whether the Sachiv was active in his efforts. Being privy to information has also motivated them to attend the Gram Sabha scheduled for 15th August and ask their doubts from the village representatives. And neither me nor the students had any role in that. Once they got the relevant information, these conversations organically happened among them. Let me illustrate.

  1. PM Awaas Yojana is planned for three years till 2019, but one of the ladies got told by a village representative that her house will be built after five years. The ladies agreed they will ask for the beneficiary list in the Gram Sabha.
  2. Someone took documents and Rs 50 from every house in the village promising them a free LPG connection under Ujjwala Yojana. But the scheme says that a household with a pre-existing connection cannot avail the benefit. So that was another question to be asked, about the Rs 50 taken from them.

We will be meeting more women in the coming days and just spreading the word in the village. Raising the awareness level and closing the knowledge gap was the aim of this project and today seemed a validation of that aim.

Observations

  1. It was a surreal experience for me that holding a mouse could be such a big deal. It was like coming face to face with the disparity in India – the dichotomy of a booming IT industry and the people who had been completely left out of “Shining India”.
  2. Some of the students are college pass outs but have never touched a computer. This is a sorry statement on the state of education in our country.
  3. People like being challenged in an environment where they are not being judged and are having fun. I had designed a quiz where students were divided into teams of two. The teams were divided based on comfort level between the teammates. It made them feel relaxed and they enthusiastically participated. They also encouraged their respective partner to give his/her best. Not only did that class see the best attendance till date, the students actually kept goading me on when the next quiz will be, because they were all raring to do better next time.

IMG_20170412_112829

The winning team got a little something as a prize

I had planned to make a standard course material based on my experience with the class. Based on the feedback from the SBI team, I realized there is ample information available on the internet. The students just needed someone to open that world to them- to tell them learning computer is something that they can do.

  1. Knowing English is not a requirement for operating a computer. Just basic knowledge of the English alphabet is enough. Google Input Tools has been a huge, huge help. Also, all the government websites are available in Hindi. This was one of their major fears- that they cannot operate a computer because they don’t know English. Once they felt assured that English was not a prerequisite for operating a computer, they flourished.
  2. I mentioned the participation of the girls as a success factor for the project. This is because they helped each other. If one of them didn’t attend a class, she was open to asking for help from the ones that did. And that help was available. So they were not competing with each other. But seeing each other as friends on the same journey. Men are less open for such a give and take, based on my observation of the class.

Its been an enriching ride for me, personally. I look forward to touching many more milestones with the project.

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BAIF helps 69,000 villages to increase income levels through dairy husbandry

Dairy farming is a reliable source of livelihood for small and marginal farmers, who are unable to earn substantial income from agriculture. India has the largest cattle population in the world, but the average milk yield is less than 900kg per lactation. This is due to severe genetic erosion, resulting in poor quality animals, poor health care and acute shortage of feed. Such low quality cattle and buffaloes are uneconomical for their owners. To transform this problem into an opportunity, BAIF provides breeding and critical support services at the doorstep of poor farmers to produce high quality animals.

Objective: Dairy farming is a traditional practice and it has proven potential to provide food and nutritional security to the rural poor. As it is an opportunity to convert liabilities into assets, rural families are motivated to cross breed their low yielding, decrepit cattle with genetically superior exotic or native breeds, while conserving elite native breeds. The new born high yielding cows and buffaloes are a reliable source of livelihood, even in drought-prone areas.

Coverage: This is a flagship programme of BAIF, which was started in the early 70’s.  Presently, the programme is benefiting over 4.4 million families through a network of over 2,600 cattle development centres spread over 69,000 villages in 12 states. Each centre covering 10-12 villages in a radius of 10kms is operated by a local youth, who holds a Diploma in Agriculture or Animal Husbandry and is trained to provide services such as artificial insemination, vaccination, minor veterinary care, as well as training in forage production and good feeding practices. BAIF’s Central Research Station at Urulikanchan maintains elite bulls of improved exotic and Indian native breeds of cattle and buffaloes to produce frozen semen, which is then supplied to these centres.  Farmers are also advised on good management practices through a series of training programmes. The milk produced is collected by the local farmer organisations and sold to dairies.

Funding: Initial capital cost for establishing a livestock development centre is around Rs1.5lakhs and the annual recurring cost is around Rs1.25lakhs. The programme is sponsored by the Ministry of Rural Development, Farmers’ Cooperatives, corporate houses and even self-funded by collecting the entire service charge from farmers availing breeding services.

These centres are generally sponsored for a period of 5-10 years.  Subsequently, BAIF continues the services, either with the support of the donors or by collecting service charges from the farmers.

Impact
•    Over 50% of the rural families are benefitted in the operational areas;
•    The programme enables farmers to produce high yielding cows and buffaloes using inferior quality livestock already owned by the farmers without any additional capital investment;
•    Each home-born cow and buffalo is valued at Rs30,000-Rs35,000, and when it comes into milk production at the age of three years, it yields 2,200-2,800kg milk per lactation and generates a surplus of Rs9,000-Rs10,000 per year.  A family can earn over Rs30,000 per year with three crossbred cows and remain above poverty;
•    With high yielding animals, the farmers tend to reduce the herd size and adopt stall feeding, which in turn reduces the pressure on fodder supply and global warming. With increase in dung collection, farmers are encouraged to install biogas plants and take up organic farming;
•    This provides an excellent opportunity for women to earn their livelihood and ensures a nutritional supplement, particularly for their children;
•    The crossbred males are ready for tillage operations and transportation, by the age of 24 to 30 months. Door-to-door services have ensured closer mentoring of the backward farmers.   
•    Presently, 0.8 million cows and buffaloes are under milk production, producing milk worth Rs2800 crores per annum. As the demand for milk in India is expected to rise from 98 million tons to 180 million tons by 2022, there is good scope to expand the programme across the country, while ensuring gainful self-employment and food security for small farmers.